The full name of Bangkok is "Krung Thep MahaNakhon Amorn Ratanakosin mahintharayutthaya mahadilok popnoparat burirom Ratchathani udomratchanivetmahasathan amornpiman sakkathattiyavisnukarmprasit avatarnsathit" and appears as the world's longest name of a location in the Guinness Book of Records; the translation would be: "The city of angels, the great city, the residence of the Emerald Buddha, the invincible city of Ayutthaya and God Indra, the grand capital of the world endowed with nine precious gems, the happy city, abounding in an enormous Royal Palace that resembles the purple celestial where the reincarnated god reigns, a city given by Indra and built by Vishnukarn."
The name of Bangkok comes from a small fishing village near Ban Kok called "village of olives”. This village existed long before and was the basis for the European traders’ path of the ancient capital Ayutthaya and the Southeast Asia.
Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, was founded in 1782 by King Rama I. Before the founding of the capital of Siam (Thailand was called Siam up to the XXth century), the Thai people, originally from the Yunan river and displaced by the Chinese to the south, have been organized throughout history in three kingdoms with their respective capitals.
Thailand and Bangkok were never colonized by the Europeans. Taking advantage of the Franco-British rivalry in the region, they became a state bridge between Southeast Asian countries influenced by the French in Indochina and the British in India and Burma. But independence came at a price. Siam had to sign a trade agreement beneficial to British interests and give away three southern provinces that are now part of Malaysia.
In the first part of the 19th century there was a gradual increase of foreigners in Bangkok, missionaries and traders came from many countries in Europe and North America. In 1860 many traders had formed economic alliances and treaties with Bangkok.
In 1900, rural areas of Bangkok began to develop into residential districts. Memorial Bridge was built in 1932 to connect Thonburi to Bangkok, this bridge is believed to have promoted economic growth and modernization in a period when the infrastructure was developed considerably.
With a strong tourism that has encouraged its rapid growth, Bangkok has become one of the major Southeast Asian cities. It is host to the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific United Nations and other UN regional offices.
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